"The grass is always greener on the other side" suggests an alternate state of affairs will always seem preferable to one's own. Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. Most people in Asia are farmers, owning an average of about 2.5 acres (1 hectare) of land per family. [35], Leaves of Poa trivialis showing the ligules, Bamboo stem and leaves, nodes are evident, Illustration depicting both staminate and pistillate flowers of maize (Zea mays). [citation needed] Grass lawns are an important covering of playing surfaces in many sports, including football (soccer), American football, tennis, golf, cricket, softball and baseball. The stems of grasses, called culms, are usually cylindrical (more rarely flattened, but not 3-angled) and are hollow, plugged at the nodes, where the leaves are attached. Buckwheat Family (family: Polygonaceae) For more Buckwheat Family see the list of vegetables. Of the principal crops cultivated, rice, sugarcane, and, in Central Asia, sugar beets require the most water. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is a member of the grass family and it is a primary cereal grain that is cultivated throughout the world in regions with temperate climates. Their economic importance stems from several areas, including food production, industry, and lawns. Management of land an… Barley is used for human consumption, livestock feed, and malting. The term pulse, as used by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is reserved for legume crops harvested solely for the dry seed. Grasses are the dominant vegetation in many habitats, including grassland, salt-marsh, reedswamp and steppes. For other uses, see, Family of flowering plants commonly known as grasses. Paleozoic events in the continental nuclei, Mesozoic events in the continental nuclei, Mesozoic events in the circum-Pacific orogenic belts, Cenozoic events in the Alpide plate boundary zone and in the Arabian and Indian cratons, Cenozoic events in the island arcs and the marginal basins, Prehistoric centres and ancient migrations. Grasses are, in human terms, perhaps the most economically important plant family. Nepal is richly endowed with agro-biodiversity. Poaceae (/ p oʊ ˈ eɪ s i aɪ /) or Gramineae is a large and nearly ubiquitous family of monocotyledonous flowering plants known as grasses.It includes the cereal … Perennial cool-season – orchardgrass (cocksfoot. The traditional method of irrigation in Asia is by gravity water flow. Wheat is among the oldest of the cultivated food crops. Pseudocereals are foods that can be used like grains, but come from plants that aren't related to the Grass Family. Massive swarms of locusts are sweeping across South Asia, the Middle East and the Horn of Africa. A cladogram shows subfamilies and approximate species numbers in brackets:[10], Before 2005, fossil findings indicated that grasses evolved around 55 million years ago. If only large, contiguous areas of grasslands are counted, these biomes cover 31% of the planet's land. Many species of grass are grown as pasture for foraging or as fodder for prescribed livestock feeds, particularly in the case of cattle, horses, and sheep. In the Aristida genus for example, one species (A. longifolia) is C3 but the approximately 300 other species are C4. Legumes, root crops, and cereals other than rice can be grown even on land watered only by natural precipitation. In some sports facilities, including indoor domes and other places where maintenance of a grass field would be difficult, grass may be replaced with artificial turf, a synthetic grass-like substitute. Celery seed is also used as a spice and its extracts have been used in herbal medicine Asia - Asia - Agriculture: By far the greater part of Asia remains uncultivated, primarily because climatic and soil conditions are unfavourable. the leading crop in the world, maize is grown primarily for purposes other than direct human consumption, especially as animal feed. In tennis, grass is grown on very hard-packed soil, and the bounce of a tennis ball may vary depending on the grass's health, how recently it has been mowed, and the wear and tear of recent play. [23] Larger bamboos and Arundo donax have stout culms that can be used in a manner similar to timber, Arundo is used to make reeds for woodwind instruments, and bamboo is used for innumerable implements. Straw (and sometimes hay) may also be used as bedding for animals. [33], The smell of the freshly cut grass is produced mainly by cis-3-Hexenal.[34]. 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